Metabolic Health

Gestational Diabetes Diet

Reviewed by

Shifa Fathima

Gestational Diabetes Diet

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which women experience high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. About 6 to 9% of pregnant women are diagnosed with it. In this situation, the body cannot meet the insulin requirements during pregnancy. If not addressed, it may lead to health issues in mother and baby. However, with adequate monitoring and following a suitable gestational diabetes diet, the condition can be managed easily.

The placental hormones may prevent insulin from operating normally during pregnancy, resulting in insulin resistance. Factors such as obesity, maternal age, high blood pressure, cholesterol-rich diet, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and sedentary lifestyle add to the causes of gestational diabetes in women.

The most common symptoms indicating gestational diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, parched mouth, feeling tired even after resting, genital thrush, and sudden weight loss. Gestational diabetes is initially asymptomatic and is diagnosed during blood sugar tests in the 24th week of pregnancy.

Managing Gestational Diabetes with a Healthy Diet

Gestational diabetes is quite common. By following certain ground rules, it is possible to undergo a healthy pregnancy despite the condition. The most important way to achieve this is by following proper gestational diabetes diet guidelines and consuming balanced, nutritious meals. Instead of skipping meals, one should ensure proper nutrition to control blood sugar levels. Drinking adequate water also helps.

Women with gestational diabetes should not try to make diet plans of their own. They should consult their healthcare provider to formulate a suitable gestational diabetes diet chart, which will cover all their special dietary needs. 

In addition to adhering to the gestational diabetes diet guidelines, some more tips include:

  • Eat three medium-sized meals and four snacks throughout the day instead of consuming large portions at once.
  • Restrict your carbohydrate intake.
  • Include a healthy snack in your gestational diabetes diet chart before bedtime.
  • Ensure that the breakfast for a gestational diabetes diet is filling and nutrient-rich.

Obtaining the proper nutrients in the right amounts is key to managing this condition. A healthy diet aids significantly in keeping blood glucose volumes in the normal range. It helps achieve the correct blood lipid levels and prevents further complications like cardiovascular disease. It also lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes post-pregnancy.

We aim to apprise you about the gestational diabetes diet guidelines in the following few paragraphs. Know more about certain indispensable food nutrients that you must include in your gestational diabetes diet chart.


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Milk & Dairy Products

Remember to choose dairy products that are low-fat or fat-free. Yoghurt loaded with artificial sweeteners is a strict no-no.

Cereals & Grains

White bread and white rice consumption should be limited. Instead, go for whole-grain options. High-fat and starchy grains are not recommended.

Fats & Oils

Foodstuffs rich in trans fats and saturated fats should be avoided. The right type of fats to include are unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.


Including non-starchy vegetables in the diet is strongly recommended. They can be consumed in raw form or cooked in minimum oil/butter. Excessive addition of sauces or salt must be avoided.


Consuming whole fruits is recommended moderation since fruits are rich in natural sugars. In the case of fruit juices, make it fresh and add minimum sugar. Canned juices are best avoided.


The varieties of foodstuffs above have been suggested, considering the gestational diabetes diet (Indian) recommendations. Distribute your daily nutritional requirements in small portions throughout the day. It brings stability in blood sugar control. Fried foods, starchy foods, sugary beverages, foods rich in simple carbohydrates and saturated fats should be strictly avoided. Proper management of gestational diabetes can ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy without complications during delivery.


1. What can I eat for Breakfast with Gestational Diabetes?

An appropriate breakfast for a gestational diabetes diet includes a protein-rich and whole wheat meal. Whole grain bread, paneer paratha, bran flakes or granola with skimmed milk and no sugar, scrambled eggs, rava dosa with peanut chutney, moong dal or besan pancake, upma and vermicelli are a few healthy options for breakfast, keeping in mind your gestational diabetes diet guidelines.

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