Is milk good for diabetes
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Is Milk Good for Diabetes? (Milk and diabetes)

Diabetes is a disease in which the body cannot control the sugar levels in the blood. The insulin secreted by the pancreas is unable to balance the level of glucose present in the blood as the levels of glucose rise at a higher rate. The causes of diabetes can be both genetic and environmental. However, it is crucial to follow a strict and rigid diet for patients with diabetes as it cannot be genuinely cured but can still be managed by using simple and effective home remedies.

Since milk is a part of our daily diet and one cannot truly leave its consumption, therefore, it is indispensable to know all about the pros and cons of consuming milk for diabetes. Despite its impact on glucose levels, milk has high nutritional value for those with diabetes as it contains essential components for a balanced diet. So we can say that yes, milk is good for diabetes.

For instance, diabetes may increase a person's risk for osteoporosis. Because milk contains calcium, it can support strong bones. The article below describes the possible risks of milk in type-2 diabetes, the nutritional values of milk, and its benefits. Read the article to know is milk good for diabetics or not.

Milk for diabetes
Milk for diabetes

Nutrition Profile

Milk and milk products are a regular part of our diet; hence, we cannot get rid of them entirely. Therefore, we can tabulate the nutritional value of the most common milk diets in our diet and consume them accordingly. The milk sold at the grocery shops has several varieties: cow milk, soy milk, almond milk, flax milk, and rice milk. It is important to evaluate the calorie content of each type in approximately 1 serving of unsweetened milk (8 ounces). Is milk good for diabetics? Let’s tabulate the best options.

  1. Cow milk – The whole fat cow milk has approximately 150 calories, 12g of carbs, and 8g of fat. The calcium amount is up to 276 mg.
  2. Soy milk - has approximately 80 calories, 4g of carbohydrates, and 4g of fat. The calcium content is 300 mg.
  3. Almond milk – The calorie content in almond milk is very less and is up to 40 calories, while the carbs are 1.5g and fat is 3g. The calcium content is also high in almond milk, up to 500 mg. 
  4. Rice milk - has approximately 110 calories, 20g of carbohydrates, and 2 g of fat. The calcium content is 280 mg.
  5. Flax milk – This is the least number of calories of all and is the healthiest option for diabetic patients. It has approximately 24 calories while the carbs are 1g and the fat is 2.5g. It is 300mg of calcium present in one serving. 

Benefits of drinking milk in diabetes

  • For type 2 diabetics in particular, sugar-free milk is advantageous since it regulates blood sugar levels. Consequently, there is a lower chance of becoming type 2 diabetes.
  • Milk and dairy products are rich sources of calcium, vitamin D, and proteins and can help better digest the human body.
  • Bone fractures can be caused by diabetes. Patients with diabetes can maintain strong bones by drinking milk, which also contains vitamin D.
  • Because of its nutritious richness, milk is a powerful beverage for people with diabetes.

However, the question is, can diabetics drink milk at night?

Well, it is not recommended for people with diabetes to drink milk during the night since there are high chances of the danger of consuming calories at night. It is safe to drink a small serving of milk during the day for bone health.

People who are lactose intolerant can drink other alternatives to cow milk, such as cashew milk, hemp milk, soy milk, almond milk, etc.

Milk is also a good source of vitamin A, magnesium, zinc, potassium, proteins, fatty acids such as omega-3.

It contains antioxidants that are healthy for the body. However, milk consumed should be unsweetened for people with diabetes as their body is already struggling to get past excess glucose in the blood. Hence, foods or drinks that contain excess sugars should be strictly avoided. Also read about can diabetes be cured.

Milk And Type 2 Diabetes 

When it comes to managing type 2 diabetes, diet plays a crucial role. People with diabetes are often advised to make careful choices about what they eat and drink to help control their blood sugar levels. Among the numerous dietary debates, the role of milk in a diabetes-friendly diet remains a topic of contention. Some sources claim that milk can be harmful owing to its sugar content, while others argue that it provides essential nutrients and can be part of a balanced meal plan. So, what's the truth behind the milk and type 2 diabetes connection? Let's delve deeper into the subject and separate fact from fiction.

Before exploring the relationship between milk and type 2 diabetes, understanding type 2 diabetes is equally important. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn't produce enough of it, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. It affects millions of people worldwide and is often associated with various health complications, including heart disease, kidney problems, and nerve damage. A well-planned, balanced diet is vital for individuals with type 2 diabetes to help regulate blood sugar levels and maintain overall health. Generally, the emphasis is on consuming nutrient-dense foods that are low in added sugars, unhealthy fats, and excessive calories. Such a diet should include a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. However, when it comes to milk and its impact on blood sugar, there is some confusion that needs to be addressed.

One of the concerns surrounding milk and type 2 diabetes is its sugar content. Milk naturally contains a sugar called lactose, which is broken down into glucose and galactose in the body. However, the amount of lactose in milk is relatively lower compared to other sources of added sugars. For instance, a cup of skim milk contains approximately 12 grams of sugar, while a can of soda can contain upwards of 30 grams. Additionally, the presence of lactose in milk is accompanied by protein, fat, and other essential nutrients. These components can help slow down the absorption of lactose and prevent a sudden spike in blood sugar levels. Moreover, studies have shown that the combination of carbohydrates, protein, and fat in milk can have a favorable effect on blood sugar control when consumed as part of a balanced meal.

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Milk & Children With Type 1 Diabetes

Milk and its association with children with Type 1 diabetes is a topic that deserves careful consideration. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly assaults and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is required for blood sugar regulation.

Milk is a nutrient-rich beverage that contains lactose, a carbohydrate that can influence blood sugar levels. However, the effect of milk on blood sugar varies by individual and is dependent on factors such as the amount ingested, the presence of other nutrients in the meal or snack, and individual insulin requirements.

It is critical for children with Type 1 diabetes to closely monitor their blood sugar levels and collaborate with healthcare specialists, such as dietitians or diabetes educators, to build a personalised food plan. This strategy may include concerns for milk consumption. Some children may discover that milk considerably elevates their blood sugar levels, while others may tolerate it well within the context of their insulin therapy.

It is critical for parents and carers of children with Type 1 diabetes to consult with healthcare specialists to decide the best method to include milk into their child's diet. Individualised meal planning, regular blood sugar monitoring, and optimal insulin control are critical to maintaining stable blood sugar levels and general well-being in children with Type 1 diabetes.

Does milk increase sugar level?

The milk's carbohydrates degrade and turn into sugar in your body. You must watch your carb intake if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Your blood sugar may rise if you consume too much milk.

You can maintain a constant blood sugar level by consuming a fixed amount of carbohydrates each day.‌

Your doctor will likely recommend a registered dietitian if you are given a diabetes diagnosis. This expert determines how many carbohydrates you can consume each day and instructs you on how to do so when you read nutrition labels.

Is milk at night good for diabetes?

If you have diabetes, you should drink milk in the morning and at breakfast rather than at night. On the other hand, turmeric milk is a more secure choice if you wish to drink milk at night. For persons with diabetes, skimmed cow milk with fewer calories and less fat is preferable to whole cow milk.

The high calories in milk can make it slightly unsuitable to consume at night. The lactose present in milk can get broken down and converted into sugar. This can raise blood glucose levels, especially at night when there is no activity to burn the sugars in the body. Consuming milk in the morning would be better when the daily activities will use up the sugar as energy.

Risk of drinking milk for people with diabetes

For diabetics, milk carries a few dangers. It includes harmful fats, for example, which can increase the risk of diabetes-related cardiovascular disease.

The milk's carbs are also converted to sugar. Consequently, you must limit your milk intake to prevent a spike in your blood sugar.

Which Milk Is Best For Diabetes?

The key to incorporating milk into a diabetes-friendly diet lies in portion control and choosing the right type of milk. Whole milk, which has a higher fat content, may not be the best choice for individuals with diabetes due to its higher calorie content. Instead, opting for low-fat or skim milk can be a wiser option, as it provides the same essential nutrients with fewer calories. Furthermore, it's essential to work with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to determine the appropriate portion size of milk that suits your specific dietary needs and blood sugar management goals. They can help you create a personalized meal plan that considers factors such as your overall carbohydrate intake, insulin sensitivity, and individual preferences. In the following section, we will explore other milk alternatives and their potential impact on blood sugar control. By understanding the options available, you can make an informed decision about which milk or milk alternative best suits your individual needs and preferences in managing type 2 diabetes.

1) Unsweetened Almond Milk

When it comes to milk alternatives, unsweetened almond milk has gained popularity as a dairy-free option as it is often lower in calories and carbohydrates than traditional cow's milk. This has made it an appealing choice for individuals with type 2 diabetes who are looking for alternatives that can fit into their meal plans while still providing essential nutrients and curbing their milk cravings. Unsweetened almond milk is made from ground almonds and water, and it typically contains no added sugars. This means that the carbohydrate content is significantly lower compared to regular milk. For instance, a cup of unsweetened almond milk may contain only 2-3 grams of carbohydrates, making it a suitable choice for those who need to manage their carbohydrate intake. Moreover, almond milk is naturally lactose-free, which makes it a great option for individuals with lactose intolerance or those who prefer to avoid dairy products. Lactose intolerance is a condition where the body has difficulty digesting lactose, the sugar found in milk. By choosing unsweetened almond milk, individuals with type 2 diabetes can enjoy a milk alternative without worrying about the potential impact on their blood sugar levels.

It's important to note that while unsweetened almond milk offers certain advantages for individuals with diabetes, it may not provide the same protein content as cow's milk. Cow's milk is known for its high protein content, which can be beneficial for satiety and muscle maintenance. Therefore, if you choose to incorporate unsweetened almond milk into your diet, it's essential to consider other sources of protein to meet your daily requirements.

2) Unsweetened Or No-Protein Flax Milk

Another milk alternative that has gained attention in recent years is unsweetened or no-protein flax milk. Made from flaxseeds and water, this plant-based milk offers a unique set of benefits that make it an intriguing option for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Flax milk is typically low in carbohydrates and contains no added sugars, making it a favorable choice for those who need to monitor their blood sugar levels. A cup of unsweetened flax milk may contain around 1-2 grams of carbohydrates, which is significantly lower than cow's milk or other dairy alternatives. This low carbohydrate content can help individuals maintain better control over their blood sugar levels, especially when incorporated into a balanced meal plan. Additionally, flax milk is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Omega-3 fatty acids play a crucial role in heart health, and individuals with type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular complications. By choosing flax milk, you can incorporate these beneficial fats into your diet, promoting overall well-being and potentially reducing the risk of heart-related issues.

It's important to note that flax milk typically has little to no protein content. While this may not be a concern for some individuals, it's essential to consider alternative protein sources to ensure adequate intake. Incorporating other protein-rich foods such as lean meats, poultry, fish, legumes, or tofu can help meet your protein needs while enjoying the benefits of flax milk. As with any dietary choice, it's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before making significant changes to your meal plan. They can provide personalized guidance based on your individual needs, preferences, and health goals.

3) Unsweetened Soy Milk

Soy milk, derived from soybeans, offers a range of benefits that make it a valuable addition to a diabetes-friendly meal plan. Unsweetened soy milk is typically low in carbohydrates and does not contain added sugars, which is crucial for managing blood sugar levels. With approximately 4 grams of carbohydrates per cup, it can be a suitable option for individuals who need to be mindful of their carbohydrate intake. Compared to cow's milk, soy milk generally has a similar protein content, making it an excellent source of plant-based protein.

Soy milk also contains bioactive components known as isoflavones, which are plant compounds with potential health benefits. Isoflavones have been studied for their role in improving insulin sensitivity, reducing inflammation, and supporting heart health. These properties make unsweetened soy milk an appealing choice for individuals with type 2 diabetes, as it may offer additional advantages beyond basic nutritional value.

It's important to select unsweetened soy milk to avoid added sugars or flavorings that could impact blood sugar levels. Checking the ingredient list is crucial to ensure you are choosing a product without added sweeteners. Additionally, it's advisable to opt for fortified soy milk that contains calcium and vitamin D, as these nutrients are essential for bone health.

As with any dietary choice, individual preferences and tolerances may vary. Some individuals may have soy allergies or sensitivities, so it's essential to monitor your body's response when incorporating soy milk into your diet. Consulting a healthcare professional or registered dietitian is recommended to determine if unsweetened soy milk is suitable for your specific needs and to receive personalized guidance.

Types of milk to avoid in diabetes

1) Chocolate or other flavored milk

Each serving of chocolate milk has 8–10g of added sugar. The chocolate milk from TruMoo is one of the brands that has 20g of carbs. If you have diabetes, this is a high level that could cause your blood glucose to rise to dangerously high levels.

2) Whole milk

Whole milk has a lot of calories and fat. To receive the same amount of calcium without too much fat, look for low-fat choices.

Meal plans with milk examples for diabetes

When planning diabetic meals, keep the total carbohydrate content in mind, including the sugars present in milk. Milk includes lactose, a natural sugar that can affect blood sugar levels. Milk, on the other hand, contains important nutrients such as calcium and protein. Here are some meal plan options for people with diabetes that include milk:

Meal Plan 1:


  • Eggs scrambled with spinach and mushrooms
  • 1 piece whole-grain toast
  • 1 cup almond milk, unsweetened


  • 6 whole grain crackers
  • Salad of mixed greens with cucumbers, tomatoes, and vinaigrette dressing
  • 1 apple, tiny
  • 1 cup nonfat milk


  • a sprinkling of almonds
  • 1 cup unsweetened Greek yoghurt sprinkled with cinnamon


  • Steam broccoli
  • 1/4 cup quinoa
  • 1 cup nonfat milk


  • 2 tbsp hummus on carrot sticks
  • 1 cup almond milk, unsweetened

Meal Plan 2


  • Overnight rolled oats with unsweetened almond milk and chia seeds
  • 1 teaspoon peanut butter
  • 1/2 sliced banana


  • Cinnamon rolls
  • 1 orange, tiny
  • 1 cup nonfat milk


  • 2 tablespoons almond butter on celery sticks
  • 1 cup Greek yoghurt, unsweetened


  • Brussels sprouts roasted
  • half a cup brown rice
  • 1 cup nonfat milk


  • The hard-boiled egg
  • 1 cup almond milk, unsweetened

Remember to work with a trained dietitian or a healthcare professional to develop personalised meal plans that address your individual dietary needs and diabetes control goals. They can make recommendations based on your specific health state and interests.


The article describes the risks, and benefits of consuming milk for people with diabetes and answers the question, is milk good for diabetics? So, the answer is somewhat in and against the favour of people with diabetes. While it is a source of rich nutrients that are highly necessary for the body, the unregulated consumption of milk can be unhealthy for patients with diabetes. It is therefore advisable to always consume low-fat unsweetened milk with the least number of carbs and fats and those that are high in calcium. 

The best and most reasonable choices of milk are flax milk, almond milk, and soy milk, available at the local stores or even from online grocery marts. Diabetes is a serious ailment that can be fatal if taken leniently. However, it is especially important for people with diabetes to take extraordinary care of their health. This can be done by checking blood sugar levels regularly and by monitoring the number of calories consumed in each food. Diabetes is manageable with proper care such as regular exercise, change in lifestyle patterns, getting enough sleep, eating food rich in nutrients, and drinking enough water daily. Also know about signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus.


1. Can milk raise blood sugar levels? 

Milk is known to raise blood sugar levels in the body due to its fat content. This is the reason why most dieticians recommend a person with diabetes consider low-calorie or low-fat milk instead of whole milk. Condensed milk should be strictly off-limits for people with diabetes owing to the high sugar content.  

2. How much milk should diabetics drink a day?

The ADA recommends that a person with diabetes can drink about 2-3 servings of milk each day. While this food can be avoided during nighttime, it can be a good way to start the day. Choosing low-fat milk, cheese, and other dairy products would provide more benefits. Pairing milk with almonds, walnuts, or oats can also be a good option.

3. Can diabetics drink milk at morning?

Two or three servings of sugar-free or low-fat milk per day are recommended for people with diabetes. Milk is best when consumed in the morning since it helps to control blood sugar levels.

4. Is almond milk good for diabetes?

For those with diabetes, almonds and almond milk are healthy choices. Particularly whole almond seem to provide a number of advantages, such as improved heart health, better weight management, and superior blood sugar control. They provide a lot of magnesium as well.

5. How fast does milk raise blood sugar?

You should be aware that drinking milk will slightly elevate your blood glucose levels. Whole milk tends to boost blood glucose levels slightly more slowly than skim milk due to its higher fat content, but keep in mind the additional calories.

6. Is soy milk good for diabetics?

Yes, unsweetened soy milk is suitable for diabetics. Despite having 4.01g more carbohydrates than flaxseed and almond milk, soy milk for diabetics is safe enough to consume without raising blood sugar levels.




This website's content is provided only for educational reasons and is not meant to be a replacement for professional medical advice. Due to individual differences, the reader should contact their physician to decide whether the material is applicable to their case.