The statistics are concerning! Why are so many individuals; even the young ones developing Diabetes sooner in life than expected? The answer is simple yet overwhelming. According to reports, every 10th person you know is at risk of developing diabetes or has already developed it. Of all these diabetics, 90-95% have type 2 diabetes, and the rest have type 1 diabetes. T2 diabetes is a major chronic condition, and on top of that, it is associated with various comorbid diseases leading to multiple organ dysfunctions, consequently affecting your Quality of Life. But lets start at the beginning.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus or T2DM, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by increased glucose levels in your bloodstream. It is an impairment of the body’s functioning in regulating glucose intake from the food you eat. Eventually, it affects almost all the body organs, resulting in their malfunctioning, predominantly eyes, kidney, and nervous system. Usually, the onset of T2DM happens in adult age; however, with the modern lifestyle kicking in, even children and younger populations are at risk or are developing it.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that primarily occurs during adulthood in most people. Since it is mainly a lifestyle-related aspect, one of the major reasons why it can affect a person would be an unhealthy lifestyle and diet. As people grow older, their bodies go through several hormonal changes as well which can also cause them to not follow a healthy diet. Type 2 diabetes symptoms occur when one eats a lot of junk food, has no control over their diet, indulges in alcohol and smoking, has an irregular sleeping pattern, etc. Stress is also a huge factor in causing T2D.
Two interrelated conditions usually cause T2DM
Both these conditions lead to uncontrolled blood glucose levels for extended periods resulting in further damage in cellular functioning. Biologically, there are a few points that can be kept in mind. These factors are often beyond human control as they are related to genetics, hormones, and bodily functions. Type 2 diabetes may be caused by a combination of factors:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disorder that slowly affects your body while you are unaware of it due to the mild nature of the symptoms. T2 diabetes affects multiple organs, and usually, a chain of signs and symptoms start to appear, which become severe with the progression of the disorder.
Early Type 2 diabetes signs and symptoms can include-
Symptoms worsen and become serious and noteworthy as the disease progresses. High blood levels for extended periods can lead to one or more of the following symptoms-
If you develop two or more of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor. Early diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes can help to mitigate the disease and associated complications.
Red flags are the factors that may increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is associated with multiple conditions affecting major body organs, including blood vessels, heart, kidneys, nervous system, and eyes. The major complications associated with uncontrolled diabetes include:
Diagnosis is typically based on the measurement of blood glucose levels. Blood samples can be collected during fasting or after eating food or randomly to assess if levels are beyond the limits. Your doctor might ask you to go for an A1C (glycated haemoglobin) test to confirm the diagnosis.
Type 2 diabetes is predominantly treated with a range of oral anti-diabetic medications. Your doctor can also advise you to adopt lifestyle changes along with medicine to get better results. When the oral medications and the lifestyle changes are ineffective to control blood glucose levels, you might need insulin.
By and large, Type 2 diabetes is preventable if you are aware of the various aspects of the disease. Prevention typically includes adapting to healthy lifestyle habits, including but not limited to:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disorder associated with severe complications and can potentially affect all the vital organs, including the heart, kidney, brain, and eyes. The risk of these complications further increases if you have a family history or have any comorbid condition. You can avoid these complications by monitoring your blood glucose levels, taking proper medication, adding healthy lifestyle habits to your routine.
You are your own Boss
So Rise and Shine! Get active, boost your metabolism, and beat this metabolic disorder by following a dedicated diet control regime, exercise, and weight management. Further, you should seek regular medical opinion for the latest updates to effectively manage Type 2 diabetes.
This condition primarily needs to be managed lifelong. In some cases, T2D can also be majorly reversed with proper diet control and exercise. If one does not take efforts to treat/manage their symptoms it can lead to several long-term complications and uncontrolled sugar levels (and HbA1c)
In many cases, if the person engages in proper medication, regular exercise, strict control over diet, drinks a lot of water, and manages their stress levels, they can see a drastic change in their overall blood sugar levels. Sometimes, the need to take external insulin is also eliminated.
Visit a doctor when you first notice the unusual symptoms like frequent thirst, urination, palpitations, etc. Post the diagnosis, it would be important to visit the doctor at least once in 3 months with your HbA1c report for a proper and thorough check-up. Additionally, when you feel that there are multiple and frequent highs or lows that are seemingly unmanageable, you can also visit your endocrinologist then.
The role of insulin is an important one in any type of diabetes. Essentially, what insulin does is that it binds to the excess sugar molecules in the bloodstream thus maintaining the optimal level of sugars. This helps to keep the blood glucose range in check.
When we eat any type of food, the carbs in the food are broken down as glucose molecules in the blood to be used as energy for the muscles. When there is insulin resistance or lack of production of insulin in the body, these glucose molecules are not used up and therefore remain in the blood and urine. This results in type 2 diabetes.
Was this post helpful?