Is Radish Good for Diabetes
Nutrition

Is Radish Good for people with Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of chronic metabolic disorders typified by elevated blood sugar levels. While type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterised by decreased or no production of insulin by the pancreas, type 2 diabetes mellitus is concerned with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells do not respond to insulin adequately. Apart from drugs, eating a healthy diet composed of vegetables, fruits, grains, proteins, etc., is critical for the long-term management of diabetes mellitus.

Radishes are a group of root vegetables that are consumed across the globe. Radishes are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fiber, proteins, etc. Radishes are a low-calorie vegetable that has been shown to have protective functions in diabetes. This article will discuss the nutritional profile of a radish, why radish is good for diabetes, how it can be consumed, and other details. 

Nutritional Profile

Radish is low in carbs and calories, making it a good food choice for people trying to normalise their blood sugar levels. About one cup of radish amounts to 19 calories and 4 grams of carbohydrates. Radish is also a rich source of natural antioxidants like vitamin C, and one cup of radish provides almost 29 % of recommended daily allowances (RDA) of vitamin C. The nutrients and their quantities present in 100 grams of radish are tabulated below:

Advantages of Radish for Diabetes

  • Radish has a low Glycemic index (GI). GI measures how quickly a food can elevate blood sugar levels after consumption. Foods can have a GI value between 0-100. Foods having GI values less than or equal to 55 are considered low, and radish has been shown to have a GI value of about 32.
  • Radish contains phytochemicals like isothiocyanate and glucosinolate that aid in regulating blood glucose levels.
  • Consuming radish has also been shown to increase the production of adiponectin. Adiponectin is a hormone that protects cells against insulin resistance.
  • Apart from Vitamin C, radish also contains other antioxidants like coenzyme Q10, which scavenges free radicals and protects patients against complications associated with diabetes mellitus.
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Ways to Consume Radish for Diabetes

You can consume radish in many ways. Here are some ways to consume radish-

  • Radish can be consumed as part of a salad.
  • They can be taken in the form of a radish soup or can be added to stews.
  • They can be added to a sandwich or burger.
  • They can be blended and be consumed as juice before your meals.
  • Radish can be roasted in the oven by drizzling olive oil over them.

Best Time to Eat Radish

Radish can be taken as part of a meal or taken as a snack. Radish has soothing properties, and therefore consuming them at night may aid in sleeping. There is no best time to consume radish, and they can be eaten as you please!

Risks of Overconsumption of Radish

  • Overconsumption of radish can lead to bloating in certain individuals.
  • Excess consumption leads to abdominal pain and diarrhea.
  • Individuals with hypothyroidism or Hashimoto’s disease must keep their radish intake to a minimum since radish contains phytoconstituents that reduce thyroid hormone secretion.

Other Health Benefits of Eating Radish

  • Hepatic system: Radish contains compounds like 4-methylthio-3-butenyl-isothiocyanate and indole-3-carbinol that help in liver detoxification.
  • Cardiovascular system: Radish is a good source of antioxidants that aid in scavenging free radicals. Micronutrients present in radish-like potassium and calcium help in regulating blood pressure. These nutrients decrease the risk of developing heart diseases. Additionally, radish also contains nitrates that contribute to improved blood flow.
  • Apart from the protective effects on hepatic and cardiovascular systems, radish consumption helps in improving lipid metabolism and reduces the risk of urinary tract infections.

Bottomline

Radish has an abundance of micronutrients, and its low-calorie content makes it a good food for people trying to reduce weight. It is low in carbs, high in fiber, and is a low GI food. All these, combined with their protective action in diabetes, make it an excellent vegetable to be included in the diet of people with diabetes. It also has protective functions on hepatic and cardiovascular systems. Radish can be taken as part of a salad or consumed as a soup or juice. However, overconsumption of radish should be avoided as it can lead to bloating and other abdominal problems.

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