Metabolic Health

How to Increase Hemoglobin

Reviewed by

Shifa Fathima

Haemoglobin (Hgb or Hb) is a protein found in red blood cells (RBCs). It transports oxygen to the body tissues from the lungs and returns carbon dioxide to the lungs. Haemoglobin consists of four interconnected protein molecules (globulin chains). Haemoglobin also maintains the structure of RBCs. RBCs are spherical with narrow cores, like a doughnut without a hole in the middle in their normal state. As a result, abnormal haemoglobin structure can disturb red blood cell formation, obstructing their activity and circulation through blood arteries.

Diabetes causes many other diseases. The most common question asked by people with diabetes is, “does diabetes cause haemorrhoids?” Well, the answer is yes. The more imbalance of sugar in your diet, the higher the chance of you being constipated, which over time can result in haemorrhoids. 

Can Diabetes cause Low Haemoglobin?

Hypoglycaemia (diabetes) and anaemia (low haemoglobin) are two separate illnesses with certain symptoms in common. Low blood sugar is referred to as hypoglycaemia, whereas anaemia develops when the body's red blood cells are insufficient to transport oxygen.  If you suffer from diabetes, your body cannot properly digest and utilise glucose obtained from your diet. Hypoglycaemia is the most common symptom of diabetes.  There are various varieties of diabetes, each with its own set of causes, but they all have one thing in common: too much glucose in the bloodstream. Medications and/or insulins are used as treatments. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help prevent some types of diabetes.

Anaemia occurs when your body's organs are deprived of oxygen due to a lack of healthy red blood cells. As a result, it's not uncommon to experience a cold, as well as tiredness or weakness. There are numerous distinct forms of anaemia, but iron-deficiency anaemia is the most common. Adding iron to your diet can help to alleviate the symptoms of this kind of anaemia. Haemoglobin levels and diabetes have no interdependence. Therefore, diabetes cannot cause low haemoglobin. Someone can have both at the same time. If a person does not acquire enough energy or nutrition from eating, they may experience low blood sugar and anaemia at the same time.

Ways to Increase Haemoglobin

1. Eat Foods that are Iron Rich

Low haemoglobin levels are most commonly caused by an iron shortage. Green leafy vegetables, tofu, yoghurt, asparagus, sesame seeds, whole egg, oysters, apple, apricot, watermelon, brown rice, pumpkin seeds, dates, almonds, raisins, amla, and jaggery are among the top iron-rich foods.

2. Increase Folic Acid Intake

Folic acid is a vitamin B-complex that is essential for the formation of red blood cells, and a folic acid shortage results in low haemoglobin levels.

3. Avoid Iron Blockers 

Iron absorption can be hampered by foods high in phytates, calcium (milk and dairy), and polyphenols (tea and coffee). Coffee, tea, cola beverages, wine, beer, and other items that can inhibit your body's ability to absorb iron should be avoided, particularly if you have a low haemoglobin count.

4. Exercise

Exercises ranging from moderate to high intensity are highly advised since your body creates more haemoglobin to match the rising demands for oxygen throughout the body when you exercise. The best method to guarantee you obtain a daily amount of all necessary elements is to eat a well-balanced diet.

5. Increase Vitamin C Intake

It's critical to take iron and vitamin C together since the latter is a carrier-rich molecule that can help with iron absorption. Lemon, tomatoes, oranges, grapefruit, papaya, strawberries, broccoli and bell peppers are all high in vitamin C.

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Food to Increase Haemoglobin in Diabetes

Eating healthy food is among the easiest home remedies to increase haemoglobin for diabetic patients. The following foods are ideal for consumption by people with diabetes to help boost their haemoglobin levels:

1. Beetroot

Red beetroot is typically good for your skin and hair, and it is recommended in the case of iron deficiency since it aids in red blood cell renewal. They are high in antioxidants and can help to reduce inflammation in the skin and cells. Beets are also recognised for helping to improve digestion and relieve constipation. Read more about is beetroot good for diabetes

2. Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin seeds are a good source of the minerals zinc and iron, as well as important minerals. Pumpkin seeds, which are the greatest sources of iron in plant-based diets, are especially beneficial to vegetarians and vegans for increasing haemoglobin levels. They also include a lot of natural chlorophyll, which helps to alkalize and cleanse the body naturally. Read more about is pumpkin good for diabetics

3. Green Vegetables

Green vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli, are excellent vegetarian iron sources. Broccoli is high in the B-complex vitamin folic acid, which is necessary for the body's production of red blood cells. Spinach is also high in Vitamin C, which promotes iron absorption in the bloodstream.

4. Apple

Since apples are one of the most iron-rich fruits available, they are crucial for maintaining haemoglobin levels in the blood.

5. Brown Rice

Brown rice is a healthy superfood that is used to treat a variety of conditions ranging from high cholesterol to digestive issues. They are, however, high in iron and can help to boost haemoglobin levels in the blood.

Bottomline

Low haemoglobin or anaemia is common and easy to manage. Foods rich in folic acid and vitamin c are ideal for increasing haemoglobin for people with all dietary restrictions and must be consumed regularly to prevent haemoglobin decline. Haemoglobin levels and diabetes have no interdependence. If a person does not acquire enough energy or nutrition from eating, they may experience low blood sugar and anaemia at the same time. Also read about can diabetics donate blood.

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