Metabolic Health

Diabetic Foot Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Reviewed by

Shifa Fathima

Diabetic Foot Treatment

Diabetes refers to a health condition that causes an increase in a person's average blood sugar levels. There are several side effects and complications caused by diabetes, and the diabetic foot is one of them. Diabetic feet are caused when nerve damage occurs in the feet and limits proper blood circulation throughout the feet of a person. There are many causes of diabetic feet, except nerve damage and poor blood flow. Some of them include being overweight, having high blood pressure, having high cholesterol levels, etc. Diabetic feet develop infections easily compared to other regions of the body.

What is Diabetic Foot?

People with diabetes can feel numbness in their feet as time progresses because of restricted blood flow to their legs. This mainly happens because of nerve damage. Limited blood circulation makes it tough to notice the origin of blisters, ulcers, cuts, or sores on the feet.

If these wounds remain untreated or undiagnosed, they may lead to severe infections, further leading to more health hazards or even amputations. A weak immune system, frequent infections, slow healing of wounds lead to these complications. Studies show that a diabetic foot is 15% common in people. But, many procedures and steps can be followed to ensure diabetic foot treatment.

How to Reduce the Risk of Diabetic Foot Pain?

Nerve damage is also referred to as diabetic neuropathy, and hyperglycemia should be avoided. To make it happen, a person with diabetes should keep a check on their blood sugar levels. Diabetic foot treatment depends on the severity and complexity of the problem. There are both surgical and non-surgical ways available to cure diabetic feet.

  • Noticing and observing if any changes are occurring in the feet.
  • Maintaining hygiene of the feet by keeping nails short and trimmed to avoid an unhealthy length.
  • Ensuring that there is healthy blood circulation throughout the feet.
  • Indulge more in physical exercises, which helps promote a healthy blood flow. Keeping the feet active helps a lot in this situation.
  • A buildup of moisture can make the area sweaty and itchy, and also cause rashes.
  • Applying a gentle cream or talcum powder to the area between the toes helps prevent moisture from accumulating there.
  • Avoid footwear that can cause corns or calluses which happens because of excessive friction in the skin caused by rubbing, itching, or irritation. Corns and calluses can be easily prevented by paying constant attention and taking care of the skin. Here is a guide to choose best diabetic footwear for you.
  • Keeping feet covered. Wearing socks made of comfortable fabrics, and slippers that do not suffocate the skin of the feet or wear therapeutic slippers or shoes that help avoid skin-related conditions or ailments.
  • Washing and cleansing the feet in warm or lukewarm water. It is important to keep them dry afterwards.
  • A moisturizing cream can be applied to the feet after cleaning to keep them soft, smooth, healthy, and moisturized.

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When to Seek Medical Care for Diabetic Foot?

Consult your doctor right away if you're experiencing a few or all of the symptoms mentioned below:

  • Pain in the legs, muscle cramps in the buttocks, thighs, or calves after physical exercises.
  • Thickness in toenails and their colour becoming yellow.
  • Skin becoming dry or cracked on the feet.
  • A sensation of tingling or burning or pain in the feet.
  • Lack of sense of touch or ability to feel cold or heat.
  • Changes in the shape of the feet in the long run.
  • Reduction in hair growth on the lower legs, toes, or feet.
  • Occurrence of an ulcer, blister, infected corn or callus, or an ingrown toenail.
  • Changes in the temperature of the feet.
  • Occurrence of fungus infections on the feet, such as an athletes foot.

Bottomline

A diabetic foot has very limited and restricted blood circulation, which leads to nerve damage. Nerve damage weakens the bones and joints, which gives way to further complications. Diabetic foot ulcer treatment antibiotics are a viable and helpful option for adhering to the sensitive feet of a person with diabetes. If this does not work, or the severity of diabetic foot is high, then it may necessitate surgical removal.. So it is always best to just prevent the condition in the first place.

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