A diabetic coma is a potentially life-threatening consequence of diabetes that induces unconsciousness. There are two types of diabetic comas, hypoglycemic coma and hyperglycemic coma. The excessively high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) levels that may occur in people living with diabetes can result in this potentially fatal condition. When a person has lapsed into a hypoglycemic coma they will remain alive and death isn’t guaranteed, but they will be unable to wake up or react to sights, noises, or other sorts of external stimuli.
A diabetic coma is potentially lethal if left untreated. The prospect of a hypoglycemic coma is terrifying but there are various preventive measures that can be taken and things one may do to help avoid it. Immediate medical attention must be given to the person who experiences this condition and treatment should be followed exactly how it is prescribed by the doctor.
Table of Contents
Low blood sugar symptoms may be split into two primary types. One kind of symptom is those induced by low glucose levels in the brain, which are referred to as neuroglycopenic symptoms. In the second type of symptoms, known as adrenergic symptoms, the body's response to low glucose levels in the brain causes the symptoms.
People experience varied symptoms while they are suffering from hypoglycemia, therefore it is possible that someone suffering from hypoglycemia may not exhibit all of the symptoms mentioned. Symptoms are also known to manifest quite quickly. When someone presents with symptoms of hypoglycemia, it is critical to acquire a blood glucose level as soon as possible in order to correctly diagnose the hypoglycemic episode.
Check your blood sugar levels if you experience any of these symptoms. If it is too high or too low, you should manage it according to your healthcare provider's advice to avoid a diabetic coma from occurring. If you have had diabetes for a long period of time, it is possible that you may lapse into a coma without displaying any of the signs and symptoms.
On the other hand, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma are associated with a metabolic consequence of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe hyperglycemia, dehydration to the point of shock, hyperosmolar plasma, and altered consciousness.
It happens most often in those with type 2 diabetes, and it frequently occurs in the context of physiologic stress. The presence of severe hyperglycemia and plasma hyperosmolality, as well as the lack of substantial ketosis, indicate the onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma. IV saline solution and insulin are used as treatment. Coma, convulsions, and death are all possible complications.
The sooner we understand what causes or brings on a hypoglycemic coma, the sooner we can focus on getting a diabetic coma treatment. Hypoglycemia is most frequent among people with diabetes using insulin, glinides, or sulfonylureas. Hypoglycemia is uncommon in people who do not have diabetes since there are several regulatory systems in place to maintain a proper balance of glucose, insulin, and glucagon.
When hypoglycemia is detected in a person, prompt diabetic coma treatment is required and may save a person's life. The primary objective of therapy is to restore normal blood glucose levels, which is accomplished by several methods of providing glucose, depending on the severity of the hypoglycemia, what is available to treat, and who is administering the treatment.
Getting a hypoglycemic coma treatment is dependent on the understanding of what caused it.
Management of hypoglycemic coma must be done to prevent further complications that may arise. If this condition is left untreated, which it should not be under any circumstances, it can lead to severe complications like permanent brain damage and death. It is imperative to consult your doctor as soon as you experience an episode like this.
If you notice or exhibit any hypoglycemic coma symptoms, you can take the following steps for prevention.
A diabetic coma is a potentially life-threatening consequence of diabetes that induces unconsciousness. There are two types of diabetic comas, hypoglycemic coma and hyperglycemic coma. Immediate medical attention must be given to the person who experiences this condition. The presence of severe hyperglycemia and plasma hyperosmolality, as well as the lack of substantial ketosis, indicate the onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma. It can cause permanent brain damage and death if left untreated. Continue reading to find out which foods are healthy for people with diabetes. Also read about what is reactive hypoglycemia and it's causes.
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar levels can be fatal. One can reach a comatose stage if the blood sugar levels fall below 40mg/dL. This baseline can be different for different people. At times, a reading as low as 30mg/dL may not lead to fainting or coma. However, low sugars are highly dangerous and can lead to fatal or near-fatal incidents.
If the recovery and treatment for a hypoglycemic coma episode are rapid and efficient, there are very high chances that a person might be able to recover from it fully. However, if the levels reach a stage where the brain is completely deprived of sugar, possible brain damage is likely. Oral or intravenous glucose works best to treat a hypoglycemic coma.
The major difference between a diabetic coma and a hypoglycemic coma would be its inherent nature. A hypoglycemic coma occurs when a person skips a meal or takes extra insulin which results in the blood sugar levels dropping too low. A diabetic coma could be induced either with hypo or a hyperglycemic episode – which means if proper steps are not taken to take care of the overall HbA1c levels, one can slip into a diabetic coma.
Hypoglycemia that is untreated and prolonged can not only result in a coma but can also cause brain damage. Extremely low blood sugar levels can lead to severe deprivation of glucose from the brain. Even frequent low-sugar episodes can cause negative effects. At times, the damage can be permanent and irreversible.
Was this post helpful?