difference between ovarian cyst and pcos
Metabolic Health

Ovarian Cysts vs PCOS Cysts: Know About The Key Differences

Cysts are common occurrences that are found in different parts of the human body. Cysts are sac-like membranous tissue that often contains liquids, air or various other substances. Most cysts found in the body are benign and are often cured after treatment, but sometimes cysts can be cancerous. 

The most commonly found cysts in the body are ovarian and PCOS related cysts. While it may seem similar, there is a certain difference between ovarian cysts and PCOS related cysts. PCOS is a hormonal condition that affects many women who are of reproductive age in which a person faces missed or irregular periods. There are various causes of PCOS out of which hormonal imbalances are the major one. The female body has reproductive organs called ovaries which are responsible for creating hormones called estrogen, progesterone, and a certain amount of androgens, which regulate the menstrual cycle, and release eggs for fertilization. The development of PCOS can lead to cyst formation. 

Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs or pockets that are either present on the ovaries or in them. More often than not, they tend to be harmless. The main difference between ovarian cysts and PCOS cysts is that cysts caused due to PCOS generally come with a lot of hormonal imbalance and ovarian cysts do not cause any hormonal issues in the body or affect ovulation. 

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are sacs in or on the surface of the ovary that are generally filled with fluid. Ovaries are the reproductive organs present in females and there are two ovaries present on either side of the uterus. 

Each ovary is around the size and shape of a little almond. Ovaries are responsible for regulating hormones, menstrual cycles, developing, maturing and releasing eggs monthly. 

Ovarian cysts are a fairly common occurrence. Most of the time, there is little or no pain, and the cysts are completely harmless. Most cysts resolve on their own within a few months. However, ovarian cysts have the potential to rupture or explode within the body which may result in several health issues. The best way to keep yourself safe and healthy is to frequently visit your doctor and get pelvic examinations as they will tell you whether pcos cyst removal is necessary or not. PCOS cyst removal is a simple painless method which can be utilized to get rid of cysts present on ovaries. 

There are four main types of ovarian cysts, let's have a look at those. 

- Functional cysts: The most common form of ovarian cyst, which normally goes away on its own without causing any symptoms.

- Teratomas cysts: Also known as dermoid cysts, they include a range of bodily components such as skin and hair.

- Cystadenomas cysts: These occur on the ovary's outer surface and may become fairly big. They are, however, usually harmless. 

What Is PCOS?

A hormonal issue known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects women throughout their reproductive years. PCOS causes changes in the menstrual cycle wherein a person may experience irregular or altogether skipped periods. This occurs due to hormonal imbalance and may cause lengthier and more painful period cycles. The female body produces certain hormones namely estrogen, testosterone and androgens which are responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle. When there is an imbalance of these hormones, PCOS is caused. Excess androgens, irregular periods, weight gain, facial hair growth and polycystic ovaries are some commonly known symptoms of PCOS.  

Along the ovary's outer edge, numerous small sacs (cysts) of fluid form in people with PCOS. In the tiny cysts filled with fluid are developing eggs which are known as follicles. Due to hormonal imbalance, follicles stop releasing eggs. 

Although the reasons for PCOS are unclear, it is a lifestyle illness that may cause serious health problems including infertility, insulin resistance, an increase in male hormones, heart disease, and diabetes. Obesity and PCOS are the most prevalent health problems, however they may be managed by changing certain aspects of lifestyle. Also know about the types of pcos.

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Different Risks & Treatments For Ovarian Cysts & PCOS

There are various causes, risks and treatments associated with these cysts. Depending on the PCOS cyst size, doctors recommend treatments. 

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Breakfast 1 cup skimmed milk 1 cup skimmed milk 1 cup almond milk 1 cup almond milk 1 cup skimmed milk
Mid-Meal 1 cup mixed fruit juice 1 cup coconut water 1 cup buttermilk 1 cup vegetable soup 1 cup orange juice
Lunch 1 cup clear vegetable juice 1 cup tomato soup 1 cup thin custard 1 cup clear chicken soup 1 cup clear egg soup
Evening 1 cup coconut water 1 cup thick banana shake 1 cup pomegranate juice 1 cup coconut water 1 cup moong dal soup
Dinner 1 cup rice water 1 cup dal soup 1 cup clear mushroom juice 1 cup skimmed milk 1 cup clear vegetable soup

Impact Of PCOS And Ovarian Cysts On Fertility

A person's reproductive window may be directly impacted by PCOS since it might lead to irregular ovulation. Sometimes, people with PCOS fail to ovulate which can directly impact fertility.

A condition known as endometriomas caused by ovarian cysts might affect fertility but otherwise, they have no impact on fertility. This happens because endometriosis can block off the fallopian tubes and not allow the egg to travel and meet up with the sperm.

There may be some similarities between PCOS and ovarian cysts that you have already seen, but there are significant differences in their treatments and results. Therefore, it is advised to seek professional help rather than self-diagnosing if you ever encounter any of the previously stated symptoms. Additionally, since ovarian health is a crucial component of women's health care, don't dismiss any of the symptoms. 

Lifestyle Modification And Home Remedies For Ovarian Cysts & PCOS

Unless ovarian cysts are actively growing and causing pain or other symptoms, they do not need to be treated medically. With a few lifestyle changes, polycystic ovarian syndrome and polycystic ovaries can be managed and a person can lead a normal life. 

Here are a few things a person can do to manage these two conditions:

  • If you are obese or overweight, weight loss is crucial to rectify your condition. An increase in weight can further lead to several health complications. 
  • Having a regular and healthy sleep cycle is a must as it gives the body enough time for restoration while fixing the body’s natural clock. 
  • Eating nutritious food and working out regularly are super important in order to regulate weight, insulin resistance and remain healthy.
  • Stress management is a major factor that needs tending to. 
  • Always consult a doctor regularly to understand your condition better instead of self diagnosing. 

Bottomline

Cysts are sac-like membranes that are often filled with liquids and air. The majority of cysts detected in the body are benign and are often resolved following therapy. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets that may be seen on or in the ovaries. PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects many women of reproductive age. PCOS causes alterations in the menstrual cycle, resulting in irregular or completely missed periods. This is caused by hormonal imbalance and may result in longer and more painful menstrual cycles. Other difficulties such as heart health, type 2 diabetes, weight gain, hirsutism, face acne, and so on may need medication or therapy for those with PCOS. Polycystic ovaries can be managed with lifestyle changes and regular workouts. 

FAQs

Are ovarian cysts part of PCOS?

Having ovarian cysts does not necessarily mean that one has PCOS. Ovarian cysts are caused due to various reasons. On the other hand, PCOS may cause cysts, which is rare, due to hormonal imbalance in the body. It is best to consult a specialist to understand your situation better. 

What is the difference between cyst and polycystic?

The difference between cyst and polycystic is simple, a cyst is a singular formation which can be caused due to several factors whereas polycystic indicates multiple cysts that develop in or around the ovaries.

Do PCOS cysts need to be removed?

Cysts that are caused due to the onset of PCOS don’t always need to be removed as their presence is not directly linked to the health issues that may arise due to PCOS. Although people with PCOS may need medication or treatment for other issues such as heart health, type 2 diabetes, weight gain, hirsutism, facial acne, etc.

Can PCOS cysts go away?

Most often, cysts caused due to PCOS go away on their own and do not require any particular treatment. Depending on the PCOS cyst size, your doctor will recommend what type of treatment and medication to go with. However, the symptoms of PCOS tend to linger and need to be treated.

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