Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are conditions that impact a person’s life throughout. They are manageable conditions and are not curable. Several aspects entail the proper management of diabetes and those require a lot of effort and dedication to complete. It becomes vital to have a plan for the proper and efficient management of the symptoms from the day of the diagnosis. This will help in preventing the complications that could arise in the case of uncontrolled sugar levels.
The causes of diabetes may differ, however, once the diagnosis is confirmed, the treatment plan for the condition, irrespective of the type, remains the same. A large portion of the management process requires massive lifestyle changes and alterations to daily life routines like – diet, sleep, exercise, etc.
Several options dominate the management of this condition. Research and technology are coming up with newer facilities and advanced scientific benefits that people with diabetes could use effectively in their plans. Recently, the surgical management of diabetes mellitus, pancreas transplant, injecting of islet cells, etc was making its rounds in the medical journals. These measures have a certain success rate but are also equally risky and challenging. Irrespective, daily life diabetes management would require big and small lifestyle shifts to look at the everyday effects of the condition and deal with them efficiently.
All people with diabetes, first and foremost, need to optimize and engage in healthy eating. This starts with the understanding of how different foods affect blood sugar levels. Along with what you eat, also checking how much you eat and the combination of food you are looking to consume plays an important role.
Exercising and physical activity must be included in the diabetes management plan. The basic physiology behind this would be that working out uses the sugar from the muscles for energy. This reduces the sugar levels in the bloodstream. Exercise can also be a good hyperglycemia management protocol for the same reason. It also helps to improve insulin sensitivity. If not strenuous workouts, even lighter activities like household chores, gardening, etc can help burn the extra sugar from the blood.
Regarding the pharmacological management of diabetes mellitus, particularly for type 1 diabetes, insulin is vital in the effective management of the condition. Not only that, but the exact amount of insulin that needs to be taken needs to be carefully considered – even 1 unit here and there can cause severe consequences. Insulin can be injected via a syringe, pen, or pump and can be taken as pills.
Sick-day management is a whole concept incorporated into the diabetes management plan. When you are sick, the body produces excess stress hormones like cortisol that work in two ways – they help to fight the illness but they also raise the sugar levels. Sick days also result in a change in appetite and daily activities. This affects the routine management
While drinking, the liver is busy removing the alcohol (that it recognizes as toxins) from the blood. During this time, it may not be efficient in producing enough glucose that is required by the body. Often after the consumption of alcohol, a person with diabetes may experience episodes of hypoglycemia.
Many women with diabetes have noted erratic fluctuations in their blood sugars during the premenstrual and menstrual phases. Any time there are changes in the hormones, even during pregnancy, you might witness changes in the sugar levels. The medical management of gestational diabetes mellitus and management of the symptoms of diabetes throughout the menses would require a different plan of action.
The stress hormone, cortisol, if produced for prolonged periods during a high-stress phase, can cause high blood sugars. It might also get tough to keep up with the stress and follow the diabetic management plan precisely. Different factors like hypo and hyperglycemia management protocols need to be set for effective functioning on stressful days.
Your lifestyle and daily routine play a key role in effective diabetes management. To ensure an overall optimal level of blood sugars and a better understanding of your patterns, dealing with and treating the highs and lows needs to be learned. Use a predictive approach to this issue and plan beforehand for the most optimal results.
A person with diabetes has to engage in a holistically developed lifestyle in terms of diet, sleep, exercise, work, habits, stress, etc. A well-planned and scheduled daily routine will avoid unnecessary issues regarding sugar levels.
A diabetes care plan would help to improve the overall quality of life and health outcomes. Such plans are multi-faceted and include different aspects like – food, finances, insurance, sleep, sick days, exercise plan, support team, a team of professionals, etc.
Diabetes management is important to deal with the short-term and long-term symptoms of the condition. Untreated highs or lows in the short term can lead to severe and fatal consequences. Damage to several organs like – eyes, feet, heart, kidneys, liver, etc can be caused as a result of poor blood sugars.
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