SMBG or Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose is the cornerstone of Diabetes Management. It is an empowering tool that allows you to be an active partner in the treatment and eventually in prevention of future diabetes related complications. It also helps you in modifying lifestyle habits, coping in times of illness or stress, and aiding you to make necessary changes in the dose of insulin or other medication.
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The frequency of monitoring depends on the below factors
Different factors can lead to an alteration in the results of SMBG diabetes at home.
One thing that a person with diabetes cannot escape is the self-monitoring of blood glucose. While it is true for all kinds of diabetes, this is primarily vital and the most important part of the life of a T1D. Since this type goes through the most fluctuations that can be frequent and intense, regular checking of blood sugar levels is recommended. In fact, doctors often present type 1 diabetes blood glucose monitoring on a chart on how to monitor their glucose and the frequency at which this should be done. They recommend SMBG at least twice a day even years after diagnosis. The reason behind this is that greater awareness of the current BG levels would help an individual with diabetes take their insulin shots accordingly or catch the symptoms of lows. Type 2 diabetes glucose monitoring gives you an idea of how to manage your food and exercise.
At times, overly self monitoring of blood glucose of these levels can also cause certain issues. It is important to maintain a balance between monitoring and over-monitoring to function at the optimal level.
Some disadvantages of knowing how to check glucose level at home would be:
These disadvantages, however, should not deter you from checking your levels regularly. These can be worked upon and the benefits of monitoring the levels far outweigh the costs.
Also read about random blood sugar level and it's test
Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose is extremely helpful in providing information on your dynamic blood glucose profile. This information can help with the appropriate scheduling of food, determine which foods or diet are best for one's control, activity, and how well the medication is working. It is also beneficial to understand the timing of blood glucose variations, reduce anxiety and increase your understanding of hypoglycemia. Read more about diabetes program.
One of the widely used self-monitoring skills for diabetes is knowing how to use a continuous glucose monitor or any other glucose reading device. Besides learning how to use a glucose monitor, you can develop self-monitor skills like controlled eating, regular exercising, etc., to take steps towards an improved life.
Yes, you can self-check your blood sugar using a glucose reader. The market has various devices that can be used to get real-time, instant blood sugar levels. If you’re trying to alter your lifestyle to normalize your blood sugar levels, a constant glucose monitor device will be a better option than the regular blood sugar reader.
A normal blood sugar level can be anything within the range of 90-140mg/dL. This level can also change based on the time of the day and the age of the person. Usually, morning sugars can range from 80-1120mg/dL, and post meals normal levels can also go up to 160/170 mg/dL. In children, the range of normal levels is much wider.
When dealing with hypoglycemia, any food that has sugar and carbs in it would be helpful. Usually, liquids work best as they are able to rapidly make the sugars enter the bloodstream thus correcting the lows at the earliest. Glucose tablets, biscuits, glucose gel, soft drinks, sugary foods, etc (with approximately 15 grams of sugars) are most recommended during lows.
A glucometer is an instrument that is used by people with diabetes to check their glucose at home. It saves them from the effort of going to a lab and getting their tests done every time and the results are also available within seconds. At any point, if you are experiencing symptoms of highs or lows, having a glucometer in handy at home would be beneficial. It would equip you to deal with any immediate symptoms and bring the sugar levels to the optimal range. Too many undiagnosed or untreated highs or lows can cause complications in the future. A glucometer and self-monitoring of blood glucose can reduce the likelihood of that happening.
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