Diabetes is a condition when your body cannot synthesize the sugar in the food due to inadequate or ineffective insulin. This sugar stays in the bloodstream, causing a spike in blood sugar levels. When the body tries to expel this sugar in the urine, it leads to dehydration, which is one of the main cause of headaches and dizziness in diabetes.
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The term "dizziness" covers various conditions, including unsteadiness, wooziness, weakness, and faintness. Dizziness due to diabetes quite commonly occurs when blood sugar levels fluctuate in either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, though the reasons are different.
People with diabetes often have fluctuating sugar levels. This rise and fall in blood sugar levels called Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia respectively are often the main cause for dizziness and headaches.
Hyperglycemia indicates a state where the blood sugar levels are higher than what is considered normal. Blood Glucose levels are seen to exceed 130 mg/dl when fasting and 180 mg/dl two hours after eating.
Our body tries to remove the excess sugar in the blood through urine, leading to dehydration. This causes dizziness due to high sugar. High blood glucose can be caused by eating too many carbohydrates, not exercising as much as you should, and missing or under-taking your diabetic prescription.
On the other hand, Hypoglycemia indicates a state where the blood sugar levels are dangerously lower than what is considered normal. A blood glucose level of less than 70 mg/dl is generally referred to as hypoglycemia by the American Diabetes Association.
When the brain detects low sugar, it tries to preserve as much energy as possible. This is often the reason for dizziness due to low sugar. Inadequate carbohydrate intake, avoiding or postponing meals, using too much insulin or some kinds of diabetic medications, as well as too much physical exercise, can all cause blood sugar levels to plummet.
Medications such as painkillers and ibuprofen can provide temporary relief. When you experience a headache, it may be a sign that your blood sugar levels are either too high or too low. If you are experiencing frequent headaches, you may want to keep your blood sugar levels steady.
Apart from Diabetes, some other potential reasons for lightheadedness include:
The root cause of headaches and dizziness in diabetes is due to fluctuating blood sugar levels. If this is managed, with constant monitoring of blood sugar levels and maintaining it in range there may be fewer occurrences of dizziness spells.
You should consult your doctor if you experience Dizziness that may be sudden, abrupt, extreme in severity or persistent and long-lasting, especially more so if it is coupled with any of the below.
Fluctuations in blood sugar levels are a major cause for headaches in people with diabetes. OTC painkillers can frequently reduce symptoms; however, persons who get migraines may require prescription medication. If a person is diagnosed with prediabetes, dizziness may occur when their sugar levels fluctuate. In such cases, they may need to monitor their sugar levels regularly to see whether a pattern emerges.
Anyone who experiences recurrent headaches from hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia or frequent spells of dizziness due to diabetes must consult their medical staff. To better control blood sugar, the medication might have to be changed. When headaches become severe or continue despite maintaining optimal sugar levels, they should consult their doctor for more guidance. A headache might also have another cause.
Dehydration and other consequences of elevated glucose levels might contribute to dizziness due to diabetes. Taking diabetic medication as directed, staying hydrated, adhering to a balanced recommended meal plan, and maintaining an active lifestyle are all parts of treating hyperglycemia induced dizziness.
Several diabetes medications have been known to bring about dizziness. If you are experiencing frequent and severe dizziness, talk to your coach or doctor immediately.
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